Environmental Pollution is the most important threat to the human race on this planet today. Environment consists of earth, air, water, flora and fauna. It means adding impurity which threatens the life of flora and fauna to the environment. These impurities are mainly created by man-made activities. The impurity can be air, water, land any sort of thermal radiation, etc. As we moving towards globalization there is rapid increase in industrialization and technological growth which releases harmful gases and chemicals into the air and simultaneously into water and thus affecting land, air as well water and ultimately the life of species on Earth. When elements like water and soil are involved, catastrophes like ground leakage, waste-water discharge, surface-run off, littering, soil contamination all these environmental issues crowd together and destroy our eco-system. In addition to this, another aspect is increasing population. As population is increasing in places where knowledge is inadequate, the economy is extreme low profile, there we see rapid increase in deforestation and unbalanced use of natural resources and thus resulting in greater Environmental Pollution. Environmental Pollution not only affects life of flora and fauna but also affects the economy of a country. Pollution becomes an expense when the result of an activity causes damage to someone else. Increase in pollution will increase healthcare cost. Disasters such as hurricanes and tornadoes will become more prevalent with global warming. That will increase costs such as insurance, taxes(for disaster relief), damaged goods, damaged resources etc.
Objective of Study
The project covers the following areas in Environmental Pollution as to study the major causes of environmental degradation and its remedies. 1.
Types of Environmental Pollution
Cause of Environmental Pollution
How Environmental Pollution affects Economy
Initiatives taken by Indian Government to reduce Environmental Pollution
For the purpose of doing the project doctrinal research methodology has been adopted. It acknowledges the work that has previously been done in the particular area. Various books, magazines, articles and websites have been consulted to examine the subject at length and to conduct a discourse on it. 2.TYPES OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
There are several different types of pollution, though not all types of pollution can be seen. However, they all affect our ecosystem. An ecosystem includes all living organism and how they interact together and with their environment. The major types of pollution that affect us can be classified in the following ways:- 1.
Air pollution occurs when the air contains gases, dust, fumes or odour in harmful amounts. That is, amounts which could be harmful to the health or comfort of humans and animals or which could cause damage to plants and materials.
Air Pollution has both environmental and health effects. Some of them are - a)
Precipitation containing harmful amounts of nitric and sulphuric acids causes acid rain. When theses acid rain falls it damages trees and causes solid and water bodies to acidify, making the water unsuitable for fish and other wildlife. b)
When substances like chlorofluorocarbons, hydro chlorofluorocarbons, and halons which are used in coolants, foaming agents, fire extinguishers, solvents, pesticides, and aerosol propellants are released into the atmosphere depletes the ozone layer and thus increase amount of UV radiation which causes skin cancer, cataracts etc. c)
Long term exposure to air pollution leads to lung diseases, causes inflammation of heart, prevents the uptake of oxygen by the blood. d)
Increase in greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane disturbs the natural balance and resulted in increase in Earth’s temperature.
Water plays a key role in determining the weather, it...
Bibliography: Books –
1. Bhattacharya, Rabindra, Environmental Economics, Oxford University Press, New Delhi ,(2007)
2. Rajagopalan, R.,Environmental Studies, Oxford University Press, New Delhi,(2008)
3. Eugine, T., Environmental Economics, Vrinda Publication, New Delhi (2007)
4. B.Chhokar, Kiran,Understanding Environment, Sage Publication, New Delhi,(2009)
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