Community Health Promotion Tool

Topics: Heart, Hypertension, Obesity Pages: 2 (489 words) Published: June 26, 2015

Heart Healthy Family
African American and Heart Disease
Heart disease is the #1 killer for all American’s, and the fourth leading cause of death. As scary as this sounds African-Americans are at a much higher risk for getting heart disease, 44% men and 48% women. There is good news however, African-Americans can improve their odds of preventing this disease, by taking simple steps to prevent them. First you need to understand how the heart works. The heart is muscle, with blood vessels leading in and out. It works like a large pump, pushing blood from the bag and through the blood vessels. The blood carries oxygen, nutrients, and waste products. Blood is pumped from the heart, to lungs, picks up oxygen, then blood returns to the heart and is pumped to the rest of the body. The blood delivers oxygen to tissues and picks up and distributes nutrients and waste products and then returns to the heart and gets pumped back to the lungs.

Causes and Risk Factors of:
Heart Failure
Fatigue, weakness, tired
Shortness of breath during activity
Unable to breath lying flat
Edema: swelling in feet, ankles, legs
Rapid weight gain
Lack of appetite, full feeling, nausea
Memory loss, disorientation, confusion
Heart palpitations, heart racing
Irregular heart beat
Anxiety, restlessness
Decreased urine output
Cold, sweaty skin (greyish in color)
Heart Disease
High Blood Pressure
High Cholesterol
Lack of Exercise
Smoking
Obesity
Diabetes
Stress
Alcohol
Family History
Abnormal Heart Valve
Coronary Artery Disease
Heart Muscle Disease
Congenital Heart Disease
Lung Disease

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