What are some of the challenges that the environment faces today? Explain the ethical considerations for environmental protection. Throughout the world there are various types of pollution that interfere with the quality of life for all living creatures and with the natural functioning of the earth's ecological systems (Pollutionissues n.d.). Although some environmental pollution is a result of natural causes, most pollution is caused by human activities (Pollutionissues n.d.). With time goes by, the environment face more and more serious challenges that caused by human activity, such as industries activity and commercial activity (Shaw et al. 2013, p312-315). When people engage the business activities they will spend the money of input to improve their production and promote their development (Shaw et al. 2009, p312-314). Their will get the input to push commercial activities from the nature environment, meanwhile the activities of output will bring the pollution to nature environment, so the businesses will cause the double damage to the nature environment (Shaw et al. 2009, p313). First I will explain the major environment issues in business. First issue is talking about use of non-renewable resources. As we know, most resources are non-renewable, such as oil and water (Shaw et al. 2009, p338-387). Get the information from the website the earth just have less than 3% of world water is fresh and seawater or underwater are removing now (USGS 2014). And nearly 25% of water resources are not available to work, so the pollution and lack of water is really seriously (USGS 2014). In fact, only 8% of these water is a human consumption (Shaw et al.2009, p386). The most use of water is 70% that is used for irrigation and 22% of water is used for industry (Shaw et al. 2009, p386). Nowadays, there are still one billion people who haven’t have access to drink fresh water and more than 2.4 billion people cannot live in the place where not have sanitation (Shaw et al. 2009, p386). With the development of world, the daily demand of oil is increase from 85.1 to 87.0 (Grace & Cohen 2005, p147). The growth of demand means the people will consumption more and then will need more resource to produce (Knight 2014). For exploit this resource to promote or continue the produce the human will break the relationship between the nature environments and damage the environment (Knight 2014). Therefor, we need to follow the principle of just saving to protect the environment and reduce pollution, just use what we need to save more for future generation (Grace & Cohen 2005, p147-149). Secondly, the environment issue in business is climate change (Shaw et al. 2009, p389). The most seriously climate change is global warming, earth is just like a greenhouse—one of those see-through buildings where people grow vegetables—or a glasshouse in a botanical garden for tropical plants (Shaw et al. 2009, p390). That's why this is called the "greenhouse effect," which means that the Earth keeps warm because of the invisible layer that surrounds it (Shaw et al. 2009, p389). But human activity, such as burning fossil fuels--causes more greenhouse gases to build up in the atmosphere (US EPA 2014). As the atmosphere "thickens" with more greenhouse gases, more heat is held in (US EPA 2014). Fossil fuels such as oil, coal and natural gas are high in carbon and, when burned, produce major amounts of carbon dioxide or CO2 (US EPA 2014). A single gallon of gasoline, when burned, puts 19 pounds of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere (US EPA 2014). This CO2 is the biggest factor responsible for recent warming trends (Shaw et al. 2013, p). Rising global temperatures have been accompanied by changes in weather and climate (Shaw et al. 2013, p318-319). Many places have seen changes in rainfall, resulting in more floods, droughts, or intense rain, as well as more frequent and severe heat waves (US EPA 2014). The planet's oceans and glaciers have also experienced some big...
References: Grace, D & Cohen, S 2005, Business Ethics: Problems and Case, 3rd edition, Oxford University Press, Melbourne.
GOV UK 2014, Waste Legislation and Regulations, accessed 02/11/2014, http://ww w.gov.uk/waste-legislation-and-regulations
Knight, K 2014, Topic 11: Environment Ethic, Comm101 Principle of Responsible Commerce, Faculty of commerce, Inti International College Subang.
Pollutionissues n.d , Industry, accessed 02/11/2014 http://www. pollutionissues.com/Ho-Li/Industry.html
Shaw, WH, Barry, V, Issa, T & Catley, B 2013, Moral Issues in Business, 2nd Asia-Pacific edn, Cengage Learning, Melbourne.
Shaw, WH, Barry, V & Sansbury, G 2009, Moral Issues in Business, Cengage Learning, Melbourne.
US EPA 2014, Climate Change Is Happening, accessed 03/11/2014, http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/basics/
USGS 2014, The World’s Water, accessed 02/11/2014, http://water.usgs.gov/edu/earthwh erewater.html
Please join StudyMode to read the full document