An aneurysm is abnormally widening of an artery caused by weakness in the wall of the blood vessel. If an aneurysm bursts, blood will spill into the area around the blood vessel, which can be very dangerous. Aneurysms can develop in the aorta, brain, leg (behind the knee), intestine, or in the spleen.
An aneurysm can take many years to develop. Sometimes no symptoms occur, and other times many symptoms occur, it varies from person to person. The variations depend on the size of the aneurysm, the location, and also the growth rate. Some symptoms that may occur if an aneurysm rupture are: confusion, loss of consciousness, drooping eyelid, dilated pupil, stiff neck, seizures, blurred vision, high sensitivity to light, and nausea. Sometimes aneurysms can be life threatening. Some life threatening symptoms are severe pain in abdomen, pelvic area, or lower back, difficulty swallowing, slurred speech, shortness of breath or rapid breathing, horrible headache, tachycardia, or numbness on one side of face.
This disorder can be caused by atherosclerosis, previous trauma in the area of the aneurysm, hypertensive vascular disease, and it can also be congenital. Abdominal aortic aneurysms have a higher risk of forming if smoking or high blood pressure are contributors. Pregnancy can cause splenic artery rupture.
Some factors that can increase the risk of developing an aneurysm are age, genetic diseases, male gender, Caucasian race, family history, smoking, high blood pressure, and atherosclerosis. There are some factors that can decrease the risk of aneurysms. These factors are regular exercise, normal blood pressure, and a healthy cholesterol level.
There are a few tests that can be performed to diagnose an aneurysm. These tests include CAT scans, MRI scans, angiography, and ultrasounds. Treating an aneurysm depends on the size, location and type of aneurysm. Common treatments include endovascular stent repair, blood pressure management,...
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